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The Spring season is here, and that means so is a major pet health concern: Lyme Disease.
Lyme disease, which can affect both animals and humans, is known as a zoonotic disease. The bacterium that causes Lyme disease (Borrelia burgdorferi ) is carried and transmitted primarily by the deer tick and can be common in many regions of the country. Lyme disease is the most commonly reported insect-transmitted illness in the United States, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Ticks can often go unnoticed because of their size. However, once a tick bites you or your dog, it is capable of causing several diseases.
The most common of these diseases are:
The most effective way to prevent ticks (and other parasites) is to administer a preventative medication recommended by your veterinarian. However, there are other ways to help keep ticks at bay.
Here are some extra precautions you can take to keep ticks and tick-borne illnesses away from your dog:
Clean your dog’s bedding
Remember to wash your pup’s bedding and blankets at least every three months to kill any flea or tick eggs and remove allergens. Use a mild detergent when washing and add vinegar to the rinse cycle for extra softness. Be sure to avoid dryer sheets since they coat fabrics with chemicals that can be toxic to pets.
Parasite-proof your property
Aside from arming your pet against ticks, your yard is also an area of focus. To make your landscape less appealing to ticks, consider the following:
Make your home a “tick-free zone”
When outside, try to avoid areas where ticks like to gather. These types of places can include tall grasses, marshes, and wooded areas.
Ticks wait until they find a host, such as you or your dog, on which to hitch a ride indoors. Once attached to a host, a tick can feed off of the blood for hours or weeks. Once done, the tick will drop off of your pet to lay thousands of eggs.
The following steps will make your home less welcoming to these disease-carrying parasites:
Talk to your veterinarian about vaccination
You should be sure to speak with your veterinarian about whether to vaccinate your dog against Lyme disease. Your veterinarian’s advice may depend on several factors such as:
Brush your dog’s coat
As we pack away our winter coats, our dogs do the same thing. If you haven’t been brushing your dog’s fur regularly, it’s important that you start now.
Maintaining your dog’s coat is a great way to find ticks, lumps, or skin irritations before they become serious. Brushing your dog’s coat frequently will also keep it healthy and help keep shedding under control.
Check your dog after each walk
Examine your dog for ticks each time you return from a walk. Make sure to check under your dog’s collar, between the toes, around the face, armpits, and groin. Ticks like warm, moist areas, although they will latch on just about anywhere.
Skip the bug spray
Do not use insect repellant on your dog unless it is specifically designed for animals as insect repellants can be toxic to pets.
Products for humans commonly contain DEET, an insecticide that can cause neurological issues in dogs. Signs of repellent toxicity in pets can include drooling, vomiting, diarrhea, excessive thirst, and lethargy.
Use all flea and tick products as directed
Fleas and ticks tend to be worse during warm weather months. However, flea and tick season depends on where you live. In some climates, it is essential to treat your dog year-round. If you are unsure when to begin preventative treatment, ask your veterinarian.
Since preventative medications contain some form of chemicals, the following is crucial for your pet’s safety and health while using treatments:
There is no way to avoid ticks altogether. After all, you and your canine companion deserve to get outside and enjoy all the pawsome activities the outdoors has to offer!
The best protection against tick bites remains a monthly preventative flea and tick treatment that is given routinely. Follow up with a healthy dose of vigilance, and you and your dog should have many fun, warm weather days ahead!
Another way to provide peace of mind with your pet’s health and care is by making sure they are covered with PetFirst Pet Insurance. We have Dog Insurance Policies and Routine Care Coverage to help cover the cost of unexpected vet bills.