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Anemia in cats means they have a decrease in red blood cells. In a healthy cat, bone marrow responds to a low red blood cell count and increases the red blood cell production. If a cat has nonregenerative anemia, this means the bone marrow response is not sufficient enough to produce a high enough red blood cell count.
No, there is no particular breed prone to feline anemia. Cats who have Feline Leukemia or Feline Immunodeficiency Disease are more prone to developing anemia.
The causes of feline anemia range but in many cases, the anemia is caused by feline leukemia, feline immunodeficiency disease or lead poisoning. Other causes include bone marrow disease, kidney failure, cancer or drug reactions.
Symptoms of feline anemia include:
Anemia is generally a symptom of a disease. This means the diagnosis is based upon your cat’s medical history, symptoms, physical examination, urinalysis and blood screen. If a cat is found to be anemic, the underlying disease is then treated. In some cases, the veterinarian may recommend the owner to restrict exercise as well as a blood transfusion.