Did you know? PetFirst has the shortest wait periods for accident & illness coverage. We make getting the best pet insurance plan easy. Enroll online & save money!


Life Expectancy:                       Chihuahua Breed Guide
10 - 18 years  
Dog Breed Group:  
Companion Dogs  
3 - 6 lbs.  
6 - 9 inches  

Where Do Chihuahuas Rank?

See where this beloved breed ranks in comparison to other breeds in 7 key categories.
Dog Breed Ranking - 10
The Chihuahua is an easy-to-train, eager to please breed.
Dog Breed Rating - 2
The Chihuahua is not an extreme shedder.
Grooming Needs
Dog Breed Rating - 2
Chihuahuas require minimal grooming. Brushing once per week is sufficient. Baths are only necessary once every month to once every two months.
Rating- 6
Chihuahuas can be plagued with several issues, which are more common in toys breeds or pets that are breeded to be smaller than their already tiny frames. Chihuahuas are prone to patella luxations, hypoglycemia, and heart conditions like heart murmurs and pulmonic stenosis.
Exercise Needs
Rating - 4
Your Chihuahua does not require a significant amount of exercise; however, they do enjoy following you around where ever you may go.

Good with Children
Dog Breed Rating - 1
The Chihuahua may become snappy under stressful conditions. They are also not recommended in homes with children due to their potential to become easily injured.

Dog Breed Rating- 7
Barking is unique to each dog in this breed; some dogs may bark excessively whereas others may not have a barking problem.

Learn more about PetFirst's dog insurance plans for your pooch!


What You Need to Know About Chihuahuas

The Chihuahua is known for being the world’s smallest dog but is also to known for his extreme personality. They are extremely close to their pet parents. Chihuahuas are often seen being toted in little bags with their pet parents.

Chihuahuas often form a close bond with one person in the family. They choose who they bond with; primarily based upon who they spend the most time with.

Chihuahuas are not recommended in homes with children under eight years of age due to their high risk of injury. If you adopt a Chihuahua, socialization is extremely important. Chihuahuas are actually once of the most common watch dogs due to their mistrust of strangers.

Chihuahuas have a “small dog complex.” This essentially means they will stand up for themselves or their family against a much larger dog or person if they feel threatened. 

Chihuahuas are extremely intelligent and therefore, they are extremely fast learners. Due to their high level of training ability, they are often utilized to complete in agility and obedience competitions. Chihuahuas do not respond well to negative reinforcement; using a reward system is crucial for this breed. 

The Chihuahua requires minimal grooming. They are known to be a “wash and go” breed. Grooming only takes several moments each week whether they are long-haired or short-haired. Brushing your Chihuahua weekly is sufficient. Generally, Chihuahuas only need a bath once per month or once every two months.

Health Problems:
  • Patellar Luxation: This is a common problem found in small breeds. Patellar luxation occurs when the three parts of the “knee” are not properly lined up (femur, patella, tibia).
  • Hypoglycemia: Low blood sugar is a common problem with all toy breeds.
  • Heart murmur: Heart murmurs are caused by an issue with the blood flow through the chambers of the heart.
  • Pulmonic Stenosis: Pulmonic Stenosis is a congenital heart disease which occurs when blood does not flow properly through the heart due to malformation of the pulmonic valve.
  • Collapsed Trachea: Collapsed trachea is possible in this breed.

Top 10 Most Common Health Issues for Chihuahuas

  1. Periodontal Disease
  2. Otitis - middle ear infection
  3. Gastritis - inflammation, irritation, or erosion of the stomach lining
  4. URI - upper respiratory infections
  5. Colitis
  6. UTI - urinary tract infection
  7. Corneal Ulcers
  8. Dermatitis
  9. Pyoderma - bacterial infection of the skin
  10. Back Pain

Pet Insurance for Chihuahuas

Free Pet Insurance Quote